As is usually the case, whenever there is a bit of controversy, there'll be some challenging calls. Such was the case for this show as well.
The one that stuck out for me was when Charles called and mentioned the gamma ray issue. There is one thing that's very clear now. There aren't any gamma rays being produced by Rossi's device. The reason that you know this is because of the demonstrations shown on video. If there were any gamma rays, there'd be a lot more caution about being in the room with this device. The amount of gamma rays expected should be enough to make everyone sick, or worse.
Dr. Storms mentioned that there would be a Nobel Prize waiting for anyone who could figure out how the energy gets out of the system. How then energy gets out indeed!
The question encourages me to think about E-cat again, which I haven't been doing recently.
The idea that sticks with me is that the phenomenon could be about waves. A gamma ray is just a wave. All matter and energy in the universe is particles and waves. And there is this phenomenon known as as wave particle duality:
Wave–particle duality postulates that all particles exhibit both wave and particle properties.
Particles can act as waves, waves can act as particles.
So, as a bit of speculation, I wonder if the explanation could be related to that. Both of the explanations necessary- one for overcoming the coulomb barrier and the other for the lack of gamma rays- could be explained by wave particle duality. For the former, I favor the BECNF Theory of Y. Kim of Purdue. But Kim doesn't provide any theory for the lack of gamma rays, only for overcoming the coulomb barrier. Bose-Einstein condensates overcome the coulomb barrier by the quantum effects of waves. Could the wave particle duality explain the lack of gamma rays?
Gamma rays are a problem because of the need for shielding. Neutrons and alpha particles can be shielded more easily. Gamma rays- not so easy. In the case of Rossi's device, the main problem is the lack of gamma rays. There should be some if fusion is taking place. This is the crux of the problem, or controversy.
It isn't just a matter of shielding in the case of the E-cat. It is the most probable situation that there are no gamma rays being produced at all. But how can there be any fusion if there are no gamma rays?
Let me repeat here that BECNF explains the coulomb barrier and some other type of wave explains the lack of gamma rays. The latter speculation may be preposterous, but who knows? I haven't gotten any further ideas on the matter. Perhaps someone else could.
Not much to add because I don't know anything about the subject. I've been educating myself as much as is feasible by reading Wikipedia articles on the subject. Below is the list:
- Black-body radiation
- Interference (wave_propagation)
- Diffraction grating Comment: I got this brainstorm that it may be possible to attenuate harmful radiation through this means. But it now seems like a long shot. Also, an idea occurred to me that waves may be interfering with each other and therefore maybe attenuating the gamma rays. But that is also a long shot.
Still reading about waves. It is an education, as I mentioned above. Here's what I'm reading now in Wikipedia: (Starting from #4 above)
A question has arisen. In the video below, two light bulbs are said not to have interference because they are out of phase. But what would happen if they were?
In a BEC, could they be considered from the same source, and therefore in phase?
|not in phase if two separate sources|
|but will interfere if it is in phase ( one source or two identical sources)|